Basel Convention Technical Working Group

Workshop for the Environmentally Sound Management of Used Lead Acid Batteries in Central America and the Caribbean

Used Lead Acid Battery Recycling Plant Study Questionnaire

Prepared by the International Lead Management Center


Lead Recycling Plant







1. Lead bearing materials recycled


2. Annual quantity of recycled materials


3. Procedures for material collection


4. Facilities for the reception of materials


5. Procedures for sorting scrap materials


6. Mechanical or manual battery breaking


7. Battery component separation process


8. Separate component transport system


9. Scrap smelting process


10. Furnace(s)


11. Furnace charging system


12. Furnace combustion conditions


13. Furnace hygiene regime


14. Baghouse ventilation system


15. Furnace lead and slag tapping regimes


16. Slag treatment, storage and disposal


17. Refining process for the recycled lead


18. By-products segregation and storage


19. By-products treatment


20. Ingot casting procedures



Lead Recycling Plant







1. Chemical composition of the discard slag


2. Atmospheric discharge limits


3. Mean atmospheric discharge results


4. Surface water treatment prior to discharge


5. How is the battery acid neutralized?


6. How is the waste effluent discharged?


7. Standards for the discharge of effluent?


8. Lead content and pH for effluent


9. Is there a common drainage system?


10. How are raw materials stored?


11. 12 month wind speed and direction profile


12. Storage area ventilation system


13. Face velocities for extraction units


14. Baghouse maintenance regimes


15. Baghouse cleaning procedures


16. Chemical composition of the fume


17. Are by-product storage areas sealed?


18. Disposal method of the baghouse fume


19. How close is the population to the plant?


20. Who is responsible for the environment?



Occupational Exposure:

Lead Recycling Plant







1. Number of employees


2. Age and service profiles


3. Labor turnover rates


4. Hours of work


5. What are the changing facilities?


6. What is the regime at the end of work?


7. Are personnel issued with special clothing?


8. How often is clothing washed?


9. Is process clothing washed at the site?


10. Are respirators issued and worn?


11. Are eating and process areas segregated?


12. Are the eating areas free of lead dust?


13. Do employees wash prior to eating?


14. Range and mean lead in blood levels


15. What is the lead in blood trend?


16. Is there a hygiene surveillance program?


17. Is there a respirator policy?


18. Is there a hygiene policy?


19. Do workers understand the risks of lead?


20. Who is responsible for occupational health?



Retail and Collection:

1. Number of automotive battery retail outlets (00’s, 000’s, 0000’s)


2. Are used batteries collected at the retail outlets?


3. What happens to used batteries collected at retail outlets?


4. How are used lead acid batteries stored at the retail outlets?


5. How are used batteries collected at retail outlets transported to recyclers?


6. Are batteries drained of electrolyte prior to transportation?


7. Are used batteries reconditioned?


8. Where are used batteries reconditioned?


9. Number of used battery collection centers


10. How are used batteries stored in the collection centers?


11. How is spillage contained in collection centers?


12. What are the transportation arrangements from collection centers to the recyclers?


13. Are used batteries recycled in the country they are collected?


14. Are any used batteries exported for recycling?


15. Where are used batteries exported for recycling?


16. What are the regulations for the export of used lead acid batteries?


17. How are used batteries shipped from the country of origin to another country for recycling?


18. What special precautions are taken for the trans-boundary shipment of used batteries?


19. Is the battery electrolyte drained prior to trans-boundary shipment?


20. What happens to used lead acid batteries that are not collected for recycling?