Basel Convention Technical Working Group

Workshop for the Environmentally Sound Management of Used Lead Acid Batteries in Central America and the Caribbean

Used Lead Acid Battery Recycling Plant Study Questionnaire

Prepared by the International Lead Management Center

Process:

Lead Recycling Plant

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1. Lead bearing materials recycled

           

2. Annual quantity of recycled materials

           

3. Procedures for material collection

           

4. Facilities for the reception of materials

           

5. Procedures for sorting scrap materials

           

6. Mechanical or manual battery breaking

           

7. Battery component separation process

           

8. Separate component transport system

           

9. Scrap smelting process

           

10. Furnace(s)

           

11. Furnace charging system

           

12. Furnace combustion conditions

           

13. Furnace hygiene regime

           

14. Baghouse ventilation system

           

15. Furnace lead and slag tapping regimes

           

16. Slag treatment, storage and disposal

           

17. Refining process for the recycled lead

           

18. By-products segregation and storage

           

19. By-products treatment

           

20. Ingot casting procedures

           

Environment:

Lead Recycling Plant

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1. Chemical composition of the discard slag

           

2. Atmospheric discharge limits

           

3. Mean atmospheric discharge results

           

4. Surface water treatment prior to discharge

           

5. How is the battery acid neutralized?

           

6. How is the waste effluent discharged?

           

7. Standards for the discharge of effluent?

           

8. Lead content and pH for effluent

           

9. Is there a common drainage system?

           

10. How are raw materials stored?

           

11. 12 month wind speed and direction profile

           

12. Storage area ventilation system

           

13. Face velocities for extraction units

           

14. Baghouse maintenance regimes

           

15. Baghouse cleaning procedures

           

16. Chemical composition of the fume

           

17. Are by-product storage areas sealed?

           

18. Disposal method of the baghouse fume

           

19. How close is the population to the plant?

           

20. Who is responsible for the environment?

 

         

Occupational Exposure:

Lead Recycling Plant

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1. Number of employees

           

2. Age and service profiles

           

3. Labor turnover rates

           

4. Hours of work

           

5. What are the changing facilities?

           

6. What is the regime at the end of work?

           

7. Are personnel issued with special clothing?

           

8. How often is clothing washed?

           

9. Is process clothing washed at the site?

           

10. Are respirators issued and worn?

           

11. Are eating and process areas segregated?

           

12. Are the eating areas free of lead dust?

           

13. Do employees wash prior to eating?

           

14. Range and mean lead in blood levels

           

15. What is the lead in blood trend?

           

16. Is there a hygiene surveillance program?

           

17. Is there a respirator policy?

           

18. Is there a hygiene policy?

           

19. Do workers understand the risks of lead?

           

20. Who is responsible for occupational health?

 

         

Retail and Collection:

1. Number of automotive battery retail outlets (00’s, 000’s, 0000’s)

 

2. Are used batteries collected at the retail outlets?

 

3. What happens to used batteries collected at retail outlets?

 

4. How are used lead acid batteries stored at the retail outlets?

 

5. How are used batteries collected at retail outlets transported to recyclers?

 

6. Are batteries drained of electrolyte prior to transportation?

 

7. Are used batteries reconditioned?

 

8. Where are used batteries reconditioned?

 

9. Number of used battery collection centers

 

10. How are used batteries stored in the collection centers?

 

11. How is spillage contained in collection centers?

 

12. What are the transportation arrangements from collection centers to the recyclers?

 

13. Are used batteries recycled in the country they are collected?

 

14. Are any used batteries exported for recycling?

 

15. Where are used batteries exported for recycling?

 

16. What are the regulations for the export of used lead acid batteries?

 

17. How are used batteries shipped from the country of origin to another country for recycling?

 

18. What special precautions are taken for the trans-boundary shipment of used batteries?

 

19. Is the battery electrolyte drained prior to trans-boundary shipment?

 

20. What happens to used lead acid batteries that are not collected for recycling?